L'itinéraire de randonnée historique et de mémoire : histoire et patrimoine V1 en vallées de l'Yères et de la Bresle

The 21 sites of the historical and memorial hiking route

There are two types of V1 flying bomb launching site : the "first type" sites (sometimes called "heavy" sites) and the "modified" sites, also known as "light" sites, which are distinguished by progressive simplification of the base layout, including a reduction in the number of concrete structures.

The "first type" sites are created first, the construction start during the summer 1943. Each base includes twelve buildings, they are necessary for the different stages of the weapon preparation. These structures are connected to each other by a vast network of concrete trails. The sites are located in areas with potential for camouflage, often in woods, sometimes in the courtyards of castles or in farms. Nevertheless, because of their characteristic appearance, these bases are quickly spotted by the British Air Force and undergo intense bombing, sometimes even before the construction is completed. In the winter 1944, the Germans undertake the construction of the second type of base : the "modified" sites. The structure of the bases is simplified, the number of buildings is reduced, only the essential buildings in the preparation process of the V1 (including the launching ramp and the non-magnetic platform) are kept. These modifications are linked with technical requirements : simplifying the layout of the site makes it possible to reduce construction costs (the quantity of concrete required being less) and to speed up the commissioning process of the base. The "modified" sites also have the advantage of blending into the landscape more easily because they are much smaller. They comprise a maximum of six buildings, which only three are entirely concreted. Unlike the "first type" sites, none V1 is directly stored on the so-called "modified" bases, we speak of a "just-in-time" supply.

? Some sites of the historical and memorial hiking route are on private estates, entry can be prohibited.

Below you will find the provisional maps before the publication of a definitive document.

 
 

The "first type" sites

 

Campneuseville - Beaulieu | Site n°671

GPS coordinates : 49° 52' 12,41" N
                                    01° 39' 38,59" E

Distance to London : 219,4 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The launching ramp

The launching ramp


The waiting storage building

The waiting storage building


Inside the preliminary assembling building

Inside the preliminary assembling building

The firing bunker

The firing bunker


The preliminary assembling building

The preliminary assembling building


The water tank

The water tank


A dwelling building

A dwelling building

Campneuseville - Ferme Prestaux | Site n°672

Private property and entry forbidden,
the last existing building is visible from the public road.

GPS coordinates :
 
Distance to London :

The preliminary assembling building hidden in agricultural construction. The right side of the roof is original. (Photograph from the 1970s)

The preliminary assembling building hidden in agricultural construction. The right side of the roof is original.
(Photograph from the 1970s)


The preliminary assembling building nowadays

The preliminary assembling building nowadays

Saint-Léger-aux-Bois - Mesnil Allard | Site n°673

GPS coordinates : 49° 50' 27,13" N
                                    01° 35' 48,68" E

 
Distance to London : 219,7 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The water tank, the last remains of the site

The water tank, the last remains of the site

Aerial photograph from the 9th Octobre 1945

Aerial photograph from the 9th Octobre 1945, we clearly distinguish the different buildings that form the site, located near the village. In particular, we can see the three "ski" storage buildings and the netword of concreted trails. The bomb impacts testify to the intensity of Allied bombing


An other view of the water tank

An other view of the water tank

 

The "modified" or "light" sites

 

Aubéguimont / Saint-Martin-au-Bosc - Coquereaux | Site n°184

GPS coordinates : 49° 49' 18,19" N
                                    01° 40' 48,18" E

 
Distance to London : 224,7 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coquereaux

Coquereaux

The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

The assembling platform

The assembling platform


The firing bunker

The firing bunker


Coquereaux

The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

 

Aubermesnil-aux-Érables / Rétonval - Le Mont Gournoy | Site n°187

GPS coordinates : 49° 48' 20,52" N
                                    01° 35' 01,94" E

 
Distance to London : 222,5 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


A signature inscribed during the site construction

A signature inscribed during the site construction


The assembling platform

The assembling platform


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The storage building for chemical reagents

The storage building for chemical reagents


The launching ramp

The launching ramp


The roof of the chemical reagent storage building and the launching ramp in the background

The roof of the chemical reagent storage building and the launching ramp in the background


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

Aumale - Bois de la Vierge | Site n°192

GPS coordinates :

Distance to London :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Road sign indicating the site access

Road sign indicating the site access


The launching ramp

The launching ramp


In the foreground are the remains of the firing bunker, in the background on the right we can see a water tank and on the left the launching ramp

In the foreground are the remains of the firing bunker, in the background on the right we can see a water tank and on the left the launching ramp

The Dampferzeuger rinsing platform (the steam generator), on the left the storage building for the compressor

The Dampferzeuger rinsing platform (the steam generator), on the left the storage building for the compressor


The location of one of the storage building for chemical reagents

The location of one of the storage building for chemical reagents


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

 

Campneuseville / Hodeng-au-Bosc - Bérémont | Site n°171

GPS coordinates : 49° 51' 27,00" N
                                    01° 40' 32,00" E

 
Distance to London :

 
 

Campneuseville - La Houssaye | Site n°179

GPS coordinates : 49° 51' 00,89" N
                                    01° 40' 10,07" E

 
Distance to London : 221,6 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The launching ramp

The launching ramp


Inside the firing bunker

Inside the firing bunker


The firing bunker

The firing bunker


The assembling platform with the compressor garage on the right

The assembling platform with the compressor garage on the right


View from the embrasure of the firing bunker, in the background the launching ramp

View from the embrasure of the firing bunker, in the background the launching ramp

The compressor garage

The compressor garage


The storage building for chemical reagents

The storage building for chemical reagents


The rinsing platform

The rinsing platform


A signature inscribed during the site construction

A signature inscribed during the site construction


The compresor garage with one of the water tanks in the foreground on the left and the assembling platform in the background on the right

The compresor garage with one of the water tanks in the foreground on the left and the assembling platform in the background on the right


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

Guerville - Poteau de Montauban | Site n°161

GPS coordinates : 49° 56' 40,70" N
                                    01° 30' 00,70" E

 
Distance to London : 206,2 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The generator building

The generator building


The muzzle brake of the replica of the launching catapult

 

The muzzle brake of the replica of the launching catapult


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The generator building

The generator building


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The assembling platform covered by vegetation

The assembling platform covered by vegetation


The firing bunker on the left and the beginning of the lauching ramp on the right

The firing bunker on the left and the beginning of the lauching ramp on the right

The replica of the launching catapult

The replica of the launching catapult


The firing bunker with the launching ramp in the background

The firing bunker with the launching ramp in the background


The access to the non-magnetic platform

The access to the non-magnetic platform


Poteau de Montauban

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1


Two water tanks

Two water tanks


The generator building and the rinsing shop in the background

The generator building and the rinsing shop in the background


The launching ramp

The launching ramp

Les Landes Vieilles et Neuves / Le Caule Sainte-Beuve - Piste départementale 60 | Site n°189

GPS coordinates : 49° 47' 35,16" N
                                    01° 36' 33,22" E


Distance to London :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The Zapfenlager socker placed in the center of the non-magnetic platform, it allows to center the preparation device of the V1

The Zapfenlager socker placed in the center of the non-magnetic platform, it allows to center the preparation device of the V1


The firing bunker

The firing bunker

The launching ramp, we can see a water tank on the left

The launching ramp, we can see a water tank on the left


The access ramp to the assembling platform

The access ramp to the assembling platform


A water tank and the base of the rinsing shop

A water tank and the base of the rinsing shop


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


A water tank

A water tank

Nullemont - Le Bois Cailleux | Site n°193

Private property and entry forbidden,
the site is visible from the public road.

GPS coordinates : 49° 46' 27,67" N
                                    01°39' 30,53" E

 
Distance to London : 218,3 Km

 
 

Réalcamp - Les Essartis | Site n°169

GPS coordinates : 49° 52' 42,00" N
                                    01° 36' 37,00" E


Distance to London : 216,7 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

The non-magnetic platform damaged

The non-magnetic platform damaged


The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1

The launching ramp

The launching ramp


Les Essartis

The non-magnetic platform, we can see the holes intented to accommodate the poles supporting the frame

The non-magnetic platform, we can see the holes intented to accommodate the poles supporting the frame

 

Réalcamp - Le Grand Marché | Site n°180

GPS coordinates : 49° 50' 57,09" N
                                    01° 38' 29,79" E
 
Distance to London : 220,5 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The non-magnetic plateform

The non-magnetic plateform


The launching ramp

The launching ramp

The remains of the firing bunker

The remains of the firing bunker


A water tank, with the remains of the firing bunker in the background

A water tank, with the remains of the firing bunker in the background

Réalcamp - Les Hauts Buissons | Site n°170

GPS coordinates : 49° 52' 13,50" N
                                    01° 37' 11,20" E

 
Distance to London : 217,8 Km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The rinsing shop

The rinsing shop


Les Hauts Buissons

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1, we can also see a water tank on the left

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp, where fixes the base of the catapult to fire the V1, we can also see a water tank on the left


The firing slab

The firing slab

The firing bunker

The firing bunker


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform


The firing bunker embrasure

The firing bunker embrasure


The generator building

The generator building

Rétonval - Le Bout du Haut | Site n°188

GPS coordinates : 49° 48' 48,58" N
                                    01° 36' 16,72" E


Distance to London : 222,5 Km

 

 

 

 

 

The concrete trail towards the launching ramp

The concrete trail towards the launching ramp


The compressor garage

The compressor garage

The compressor garage

The compressor garage


The location of the assembling platform

The location of the assembling platform


The launching ramp

The launching ramp


The non-magnetic platform damaged

The non-magnetic platform damaged

 

Rétonval - La Ventillette | Site n°xxx

GPS coordinates : 49° 48' 46'58" N
                                    01° 35' 31,07" E


Distance to London : 222,1 Km

 

 

 

 

 

One of the trails of the network concrete paths

One of the trails of the network concrete paths


The concrete pads of the launching ramp

The concrete pads of the launching ramp

The launching ramp with a water tank on the left

The launching ramp with a water tank on the left


A water tank

A water tank


The launching ramp

The launching ramp


The non-magnetic platform, we can see the holes intented to accommodate the poles supporting the frame

The non-magnetic platform, we can see the holes intented to accommodate the poles supporting the frame

Richemont - Les Cateliers | Site n°183

GPS coordinates : 49° 48' 50,17" N
                                    01° 37' 35,92" E


Distance to London : 223,35 Km

 

 

 

 

 

One of the trails of the network concrete paths

One of the trails of the network concrete paths


Les Cateliers

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp and the firing bunker in the background

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp and the firing bunker in the background

The firing bunker

The firing bunker


The storage building for detonators

The storage building for detonators


The firing bunker from the front

The firing bunker from the front


Les Cateliers

Richemont - Le Transformateur | Site n°182

GPS coordinates : 49° 49' 30,32" N
                                    01° 37' 51,88" E


Distance to London : 222,4 Km

 

 

 

 

 

The firing bunker damaged and the launching ramp in the background

The firing bunker damaged and the launching ramp in the background


The concrete pads of the launching ramp

The concrete pads of the launching ramp

The launching ramp

The launching ramp


The non-magnetic platform damaged

The non-magnetic platform damaged


A water tank

A water tank

Rieux - Val de l'eau | Site n°163

GPS coordinates : 49° 54' 45,80" N
                                    01° 33' 54,16" E

 
Distance to London : 211,7 Km

 

 

 

A water tank

A water tank


The non-magnetic platform

The non-magnetic platform

The launching ramp

The launching ramp


One of the trails of the network concrete paths

One of the trails of the network concrete paths

Saint-Riquier-en-Rivière / Blangy-sur-Bresle - Poteau Maître Jean | Site n°168

GPS coordinates : 49° 53' 41,90" N
                                    01° 35' 46,60" E


Distance to London : 214,6 Km

 

 

 

 

 

A concrete trail towards the non-magnetic platform

A concrete trail towards the non-magnetic platform


The firing bunker

The firing bunker

The launching ramp

The launching ramp


The storage buildings for chemical reagents

The storage buildings for chemical reagents


The contours of the assembling platform

The contours of the assembling platform


The storage building for detonators

The storage building for detonators

Saint-Léger-aux-Bois - Les Sapins | Site n°181

GPS coordinates : 49° 50' 12,73" N
                                    01° 37' 54,89" E


Distance to London :

 

 

 

 

 

The location of the assembling platform

The location of the assembling platform


A water tank

A water tank

The launching ramp

The launching ramp


The remains of the compressor garage

The remains of the compressor garage


The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp

The slab located at the beginning of the launching ramp